book SAGA of KASHUB PEOPLE

THE SAGA
OF
THE KASHUB
PEOPLE
IN
POLAND, CANADA, U.S.A.

BY
ALOYSIUS J. REKOWSKI

Table of Contents

Part I – A Brief History of Pomerania and Cassubia

Chapter 1
The Kashubs – Who They Are, Where are their Origins
Eastern Pomerania, Land Proper to the Kashubs
Teutonic Knights of the Cross
1466-1772 – Kashubs Part of Poland

Chapter 2
Why Were the Kashubs Among the First Polish Emigrants?
Reasons for the 19th Century Kashub Exodus
Poland – the Problems of its Ever-Changing Borders
Cassubia’s Place on the Map of Poland and of Europe

Chapter 3
Breaking Out of the Wedge
The Kashub Island or Wedge in Poland
Breaking out of the Wedge
Our Forefathers Cross the Ocean

Chapter 4
Precise Places of Origin of Ontario Kashubs
Parishes of Origin of Ontario Kashubs
Precise Origin and Dialect of Ontario’s Kashubs

Chapter 5
Sources of Kashub History in Canada, Poland and U.S.A.

Chapter 6
What Brought the Kashubs to Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada?
Ontario Kashubs, Lucky or Unlucky?
Ontario’s First Kashub Homesteaders
Kashub Pioneers on the Opeongo Road – 1859-1863
Kashub Settlement along the Opeongo
First Kashubs Apply for Land Titles – 1864

Chapter 7
Kashubs and the Opeongo Road(Line)
The Ottawa & Opeongo Road Brought Settlers
The Opeongo – Replica of Cassubia?
Kashub Settlement & Ontario Colonization Policies
The Kashubs: Caught in the Agrarian Myth
Retracing the Path of the Pioneers

Chapter 8
Pioneering on the Opeongo
The Shanty
Survival Farming
Like Prussian Poland?
Extinction of the Pine
Lumbermen versus Farmers
Evolution of Farm Buildings

Chapter 9
Pioneering on the Opeongo (continued)
Decline of the Region
Decline by 1890s or 1930s?
Phases of Kashub Settlement – 1859-1928
The Opeongo Today: Frozen in Decline
Chronological History of the Opeongo Road

Chapter 10
German and Kashub Pioneers in Renfrew County
Hessel and Lee-Whiting Books
Kashubs – Who Are They? Reviewed
Are Kashubs Poles?

Chapter 11
Germans and Kashubs in Renfrew County (continued)
So different?
Similarities
Survival of German and Kashub Pioneers
Educational Advancement

Part II – Kashub Settlements in the U.S.A.

Chapter 12
The Pulaski, Wisconsin Area

Chapter 13
Stevens Point, Wisconsin Area
Polonia, Wisconsin
Polonia Farming

Chapter 14
Polonia, Wisconsin (continued)
The Lot of Kashub Women
Polonia Weddings
Poles and lrish
Kashub Poles in 5 Wars

Chapter 15
Kahsubs in the U:S.A. (continued)
Rosholt, Wisconsin
Rosholt, Custer, Fancher
Galloway, Bevent, Hatley, Torun, Plover

Chapter 16
Kashubs in the U.S.A. (continued)
Winona, Minnesota
St. Stanislaus parish
Jarosz Hieronim Derdowski
Pine Creek, Wisconsin
Trempealeau County, Wisconsin

Chapter 17
Kashubs in the U.S. (continued)
Perham, Minnesota
Plentywood, Montana
Little Falls-Sobieski Area, Minnesota

Chapter 18
Kashub settlements in the U.S. (continued)
Greenbush, Minnesota
St. Philips, Montana
Prairie Droughts
Minto-Warsaw, North Dakota

Chapter 19
Kashubs: U.S.A., Canada, Poland
Primary and Secondary Kashub Settlements in North America
Kashubs: United States, Canada, Poland

Part III – More Canadian Kashub Enclaves

Chapter 20
Saskatchewan’s Secondary Kashub Settlements
Loverna, Saskatchewan
Otthon, Brewer, Saskatchewan

Chapter 21
Ontario Secondary Kashub Settlements
Englehart, Northern Ontario
Renfrew County Kashub Descendants in Diaspora
Cobden, Douglas

Chapter 22
Primary Kashub Settlements
Renfrew, Ontario

Chapter 23
Brudenell , Ontario
Early Kashub Data in Brudenell Parish Records
Book Two of Brudenell Parish Records – 1868-1877
Book Three of Brudenell Parish Records
Irish Gone; Scattered Kashubs; Other Poles

Chapter 24
Primary Settlement
Wilno, Ontario
Summary of Baptismal Data – 1880-1915 – Wilno
Summary of Wilno Marriage Records – 1884-1914
Summary of Wilno Burial Records 1881-1920

Chapter 25
Primary Kashub Setlement – Barry’s Bay, Ontario

Chapter 26
J.R. Booth and the O.A. and P.S. Railroad
Jayar Booze and His Railway
The Railway That Was & The Kashub Community

Chapter 27
Wendish People (Sorbs or Lusatians)

Chapter 28
The Slovincians – The Last of the Kashub “Mohicans”

Appendix A
The Story of Kashubia – Kisielewski
Appendix B
Hieronim Derdowski in America
Appendix C
A Tribute to Father Corbett C.Ss.R. and to Polish Kolendy
Appendix D
A Tribute to Father Sychta a Great Kashub
Appendix E
“Some Memories – The Slominski Saga”
Appendix F
Comparison Between Polish & Kashub Words
Appendix G
Analysis of Winona, Minnesota Kashub Surnames

INDEX

of surnames, places towns, villages, cities, rivers and institutions, etc.
To distinguish names of places from names of people, an abbreviated form of the county, province
or state in which the place is located will be added – e.g. Belgard, Po. (for Poland); Cobalt, On. (for
Ontario); Rosholt, Wi. (for Wisconsin), etc.

Abraham, Fr.
Adamczak
Adamczyk
Addington Road
Afelski, Pr. A.
Alexander
Algonquin Park Lodge
Algonquin Park
Alliance
American Civil War
Andrecheck
Andrejeski
Anglican
Appleton, Wi.
Arcadia, Wi.
Ardoch, N.D.
Arlington, Wa.
Assumption Church
Atlantic Ocean
August
Australia
Aylen Lake
Baderski, Pr. S.
Balachy, Po.
Baltic Sea
Barnow, Otto
Barnow, Ewald
Barrie’s Bay (Barry’s Bay)
Bautzen (Budysin)
Beanish, Fr. J.
Beaver Creek, Beaver Lumber Co.
Beckfelt, Pr.
Belgard, Po.
Belle Valley, PQ.
Berlin
Berzinski, Fr.
Bevent, Wi.
Bielawski (Belaski)
Bielawy Kamien
Biernacki
Bieniarz (Beanish)
Biggar, Sk.
Billings
Binkowski, Msgr.
Bishop Ryan
Bishop of Pelplin
Bismarck
Blank (Blank)
Blaszkowski (Blaskowski, Blaskie)
Blawat (Blawat)
Boehme
Bogurodzica
Bohemian (Czech)
Bojan (Boyan)
Boltz, Heinrich
Bonnechere River
Booth, J.R.
Bork
Borkowski
Borowiec, Po.
Borremans, Fr.
Borzyszkowski
Bozak (Bozak)
Brandenburg
Breen, Fr.
Bremen
Brewer, Sk.
Breza, Fr. Paul
Bridgland, J.W.
British Columbia
Brockville, On.
Bronk
Bronson, J.R.
Brudenell
Bruski
Brusy
Bryza
Brzeski, Pawel
Brzezinski
Buch
Buchwald OMI, Fr.
Budarick
Buffalo, N.Y.
Buh, Fr.
Bull’s Run
Burant
Burchart (Burchat)
Burchat, Fr.
Burchat, Fr. J.
Burke, J.H.
Bushman
Bydgoszcz (Bromberg)
Byrne, Fr.
Bytow (Butow)
Byzewski (Byzewski)
Cache Lake, On.
Calgary
Canada Atlantic Transit Co.
Canadian Shield
Carp, On.
Carson Lake
Cashubec (Kaszubik)
Cassubia
Catholic Church
Cecenowo
Ceynowa
Chabrowo
Charlton, On.
Chelmno (Kumerland), Po.
Chicago
Chipeur, (Scipior, Scipior, Szczypior)
Chodor (Hudder)
Chojnice
Chowaniec, Fr.
Chruécicka
Chrzanowski
Cieminski
Cierzan (Serran)
Cizewski
Cleman
Clontarf, On.
Cobalt, On.
Cobden, On.
Cochrane, On.
Cody, Fr.
Communists
Conroy, R.
Copps
Corbett, Neil
Cormac
Costello
Coulas, Fr. M.
Coulas (Kulas)
Craigmont
Crean, Victor
Culhane, T.
Custer, Wi.
Cybulski
Cybulski, Fr.
Cychosz
Cyra
Cyz, Rev. Jan
Czapiewski (Chapeski)
Czaplewski
Czarnowski
Czersk
Czirr, Rudolph
Czluchow
Czorlinski
Dabrowski (Dombrowski)
Dacre
Daley
Damaschke, August
Damaszek (Domaszek)
Dargas
Datta (Dota)
Dedo
Dembski, Fr.
Depot Harbour
Derdowski
Detroit Lakes, Minn.
Detroit
Dobek
Dodge, Wi.
Domagalski, Fr.
Dorzek
Dowdall, Fr.
Drazkowski
Drifka
Drohan, James
Drzezdzon, Dr. Jan
Dudek
Dudzinski
Dulinska, Maria
Duluth, Min.
Dunblane, Sk.
Durawa (Dorawa)
Duray
Dwyer, Fr. Wm.
Dziemiany
Dzieminski
Earlton, On.
East Prussia
Eaton’s Catalogues
Ebertowski (Ebert)
Edmonton, Ab.
Efta
Egan Estate, On.
Egan, John
Eganville, On.
Eichman (Eckman)
Elbow, Sk.
Elderon, Wi.
Ellis, Wi.
Emmet, On.
England
Englar
Englehart On.
Englehart
Entwistle, Ab.
Erdrnanczyk
Eron (Herron)
Ertmanski
Etmanski
Evangelical Lutheran Church
Exchange Hotel
Fancher, Wi.
Farrel’s Landing
Farrell, Edward
Felckowski, Feltz
Felician Sisters
Ferguslea, On.
Filla
Finnerty
Firkus, Alois
Firkus (Wirkus)
Fischer
Flis (Fleece, Flees, Fliss, Fleice)
Foerster
Folk Masses
Forest, A.
Forest Lawn, Ab.
Fort William, On.
Fort McMurray, Ab.
Fountain City, Wi.
Foy, John
Foymount, On.
Franciscans
Freitag, Johann
French, T.P.
French, Fr.
French-Canadians
Frydach (Fryda)
Frymark (Freemark)
Gac, Po.
Gagas
Galesville, Wi.
Galicia
Galligan, Dr.
Galloway, Wi.
Ganski
Garczyno, Po.
Gardiner Dam, Sk.
Garvin Heights, Winona
Gazeta Narodowa
Gdansk
Gdynia
Georgian Bay
German settlers
Germany
Gerndt, Rev. Ludwig
Gierszewski, (Gerszewski)
Gillies Brothers
Gilmeister
Gleninire, On.
Gliszczynski, (Glisinski)
Glofcheski, Fr. Rafael
Glowczewice
Gtowczewski
Glowczyce, Po.
Gniezno
Golden Lake, On.
Golka
Golubie, Po.
Gorale
Goreczyno, Po.
Gorman, P.
Gornowicz
Gostomski
Goszkowicz
Gowin
Gowodlino, Po.
Grabowo, Po.
Grafton, N.D.
Grand Trunk R.R.
Great Falls, Montana
Green Bay, Wi.
Greenbush, Mn.
Grochow, Po.
Grulkowski
Gruna
Grunwald, Po.
Grzenia (Green)
Grzybowo, Po.
Gunnip, Fr.
Gutowice, Po.
Gutowski (Gutoski)
Gutowski, Fr. Paul
Guzowski, Fr. Roman
Gwiazda Polarna
Hagarty Tp., On.
Halifax
Hamburg, Germ.
Hamernik
Hamerski
Hastings Road
Hatley, Wi.
Hatley
Hearst, On.
Heaslip, On.
Heilpern, Leon
Hel, Po.
Henley, Gail
Hering
Herman, Mi.
Hessel, Peter
Heydenkorn, B
Highland Inn
Highway 60, On.
Hildebrandt
Hilferding
Hinca (Hintz, Hinz)
Hitler
Hofa Park, Wi.
Hollerand
Holy Trinity Ch., Englehart
Holy Angel’s Church
Hopefield, On.
Hospital
Hotel Algonquin
Hudson’s Bay Co.
Humboldt, Sk.
Ickiewicz, Kaz.
Independence, Wi.
Institute of Winona
Inter
International Falls, Mn.
Irish
Island Hotel
Isley
Jabluszko, Po.
Jackson, Mi.
Jakubek (Yackaback)
Jakubowski
Jamno, Po.
Janikowski
Jankowski
Jankowski, Fr.
Janta (Jenta, Yanta, Yantha)
Januszewski
Jaroszkiewicz
Jasmin, Sk.
Jazdzewski (Jaszewski)
Jercha, Fr. Julian
Jereczek (Yeretch, Yereck)
Jews
Jezierski, Jozef
Jezewski
Joe Lake, On.
Jost, Heinrich
Jost, Izabel
Judaschke
Juszki, Po.
Kaiser (Kiezer)
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Kajczyk, Henryk
Kajsiewicz
Kalisz Kaszubski, Po.
Kaidunski
Kamaniskeg Lake
Kaminski
Kamionka Po.
Kamla, Fr.
Karpno,Po.
Kartuzy
Kartuzy Lodge
Kashube pod Widnem
Kashubs
Kaszubik (Cashabec)
Kawa
Keldanski
Kennedy, Clyde O.
Kieca
Kiedrowicz
Kiedrowski
Killaloe, On.
King Mieszko I
Kirk, Wilhelm
Kirk, Otto
Kirkland Lake, On.
Kisielewski, J.
Kitchener, On.
Klaman (Kleman, Cleman)
Kleinschmidt
Klick, Wilhelm
Klobouk
Klopotek
Klosinski
Klosowo Po.
Kltick, Wilhelm
Kluk (Kluke, Kluck)
Kluki, Po.
Knapik, Fr.
Knights of the Cross (Krzyzacy)
Knitter
Knop, Werner
Knopik (Kenopic)
Kobiefzynski
Kobus (Cows)
Koetsch, Ruta
Kolasinski, Fr.
Kolbowski
Kolendy
Koiodziejczak
Komorowski, Zygmunt
Konigsberg, Ru.
Konkel (Konkol)
Konkol
Konopacki (Kunopaski)
Korbutowicz, Fr.
Korean War
Koscierzyna (Berent), Po.
Kosinski, Aldon
Kosobucki (Kasaboski)
Kosobud
Kostka
Kottbus (Cottbus)
Kowalewski
Kozak
Koziczkowski
Kozlowski (Kusluski)
Koziowski, Fr.
Krakow, Po.
Kreft (a)
Krofej, Szymon
Kropidiowski
Krugersdorf, On.
Krupa, Fr.
Krupa
Krydor, Sk.
Kryszynski, Andrzej
Kryzel
Kubik
Kubisiak (Kubishak)
Kubiszewski
Kuczkowski
Kujak (Kuiack, Kujach)
Kuklinski
Kukowski
KUL (Catholic University of Lublin)
Kulas, Fr. T
Kulas (Coulas)
Kulinski
Kulmerland
Kulturkampf
Kulwikowski, Fr. Zbigniew
Kunda
Kunza
Kupelke
Kurczynska, Wanda
Kwidzyn, Po.
La Crosse, Wi.
Labuda
Lake Leba
Lake Clear
Lake of Two Rivers
Lake Gardno
Lake Huron
Lake Erie
Lake Ontario
Langton, John
Laska
Laskowski
Leba, Po.
Lee-Whiting, Brenda
Legree, Fr. J.
Lehovitch (Lechowicz)
Lemanczyk (Lemenchick)
Lenart
Leo
Leo, Mn.
Lepak (Lepack)
Lesno, Po.
Letterkenny, On.
Lewandowski
Lonski (Lecki)
Libera
Lica (Lazer, Lima)
Lila (Lilla)
Lipinski (Lepinski)
Lipuska Huta, Po.
Lipusz, Po.
Lisia Gora, Po.
Liske
Literski, Msgr. Roy
Lithuania
Little Falls, Mn.
Little Missouri R.
Lizakowski
Lloydminster, Sk.
Lodginski (Lodzinski, Laginski, Lezynski)
Lorbiecki (Lorbetski)
Lorentz
Loryniec, Po.
Losinski (Losinski)
Loverna, Sk.
Lubas, Fr.
Lubecki (Lubetski)
Lubiszewo, Po.
Lubowiecka, Joanna
Luckovitch (Lukowicz)
Lucky Lake, Sk.
Lukasavage (Luckasavitch)
Lusatian National Council
Lusatians (Luzyczanie)
Luther, Martin
Lutheranism
Izbica, Po.
Macauley Central R.R.
Machut (Mackwood)
Mackay, Niall
Madawaska River Valley
Madawaska, On.
Maika, Fr. A.
Majer
Majkowski, Dr.
Makowski
Malbork (Marienburg)
Malone
Mandry
Marathon Cty, Wi.
Mare-Miszewski
Mariannhill, On.
Maritimes
Martin’s Siding, On.
Maschka
Maschke
Mask Connolly, Shirley
Maszk (Mask)
Matuszewski, Fr.
Matuszewski
McCormac, Fr.
Mecikalo, Po.
Mecklenburg, Ger.
Melville-Yorkton, Sk.
Michanowski, Fr.
Mickiewicz, Adam
Midland Martyrs Shrine
Midwest U.S.
Mielewczyk
Milden, Sk.
Milwaukee, Wi.
Minneapolis, Mn.
Mintha
Minto, ND.
Miranda
Mississauga, On.
Mississippi River
Moczarny, Fr.
Mohicans
Moleski
Mondry
Montana
Montreal
Morglun
Msciszewice, Po.
Mt. St. Patrick, On.
Mulvihill, T.C.
Myszka
N.D.
Nakio, Po.
Narloch (Norlock)
Nazis
Nedo, Pawel
Neisse (Nysa) River
New Liskeard On.
New England States
Nielsen, Dr. George
Niezabyszewo
Noffke, Wilhelm
North Bay, On.
North Dakota
Northway Lodge
Norwegians
Novakowski
Nowak, Fr.
Nygbur
O’Brien
O’Grady Settlement
Obozino, Po.
Ocean Sailing Co.
Ochrymowicz, Dr. Leo
Oder River (Odra)
Oliwa, Po.
Olszewski (Olsheski)
Omernik (Omanique)
Omernik Srs.
Ontario
Opeongo Line (Road)
Opeongo Hotel
Orchard Lake Seminary, Mi.
Orlikowski
Osceola, On.
Osicki
Osseo, Wi.
Ossowski (Osowski)
Ostrowo, Po.
Ostrowski (Ostroski)
Ottawa Exhibition
Ottawa River
Ottawa
Ottawa Valley
Ottawa Union Station
Otter Lake, Quebec
Otthon, Sk.
Pacholski, Fr. James
Palcisko, Fr.
Palubicki (Polebitski, Palbiski)
Palubicki, Fr.
Panna Maria, Texas
Papiernia , Po.
Parchowo, Po.
Parczewski
Parks Act
Parliament Bldgs.
Parry Island
Parry Sound, On.
Partitions of Poland
Pasco (Pestka)
Pastor Dietz
Pastoralki
Pastwa (Pastway)
Paugh Lake, On.
Peace River Landing
Pecovnik, Fr.
Pelowski
Pelplin, Wi.
Pelplin, Po.
Pembroke Diocese
Pembroke General Hospital
Peplinski
Perham, Min.
Perkins, Fr.
Perkowski, J.
Perrier
Perszyk (Pershick)
Petersburg, Russia
Peterson
Pick, Msgr. A.
Pick, J.
Piechowski (Pecoski)
Piekarski (Pecarski, Pecaski)
Pielgrzym Polski
Pieprzycki O.F.M., Pr.
Pigorsch, Wilhelm
Pila, Po.
Pine Creek, Wi.
Pinkus
Piorunek
Piotrowski (Petroski)
Piskowy
Plaunt
Pleban (Plebon)
Plentywood, Montana
Piock, Po.
Plover, Wi.
Pocice, Po.
Pociczno, Po.
Podolski
Pokrzewinski
Polak, Fr.
Polczyn, Po.
Poleks
Polish Cultural Institute of Winona
Polish National Church
Polish National Alliance
Polish Museum, Winona
Polish Academy of Sciences
Polish Roman Catholic Union
Polish Corridor
Polka Masses
Polonia, Wi.
Pomerania (Pomorze, Pomerelia, Pommern)
Pontanus (Mostnik)
Pontiac Cty., Quebec
Poole Construction Co.
Portage County, Wi.
Poznan
Prairies
Primary Settlement
Princ (Prince, Printz)
Prince, Fr. B.
Prondzynski (Prondzinski)
Proy, Otto
Prussian Hills
Prussians, (Original)
Prykowski
Puchalski
Puchinski (Pulczynski, Pulcinski, Poiczynski)
Puck, Po.
Pulaski, Wi.
Puzdrowo, Po.
Quebec
Quebec City
Radcliffe Tp.
Radecki, H. & Heydenkorn, B.
Ramult, S.
Recovered Territories
Red River
Redemptorists
Reiman, Gunter
Rekowo, Po.
Rekowski (Recoski)
Rekowski, Fr. A.
Renfrew Cty.
Renfrew Mercury
Renfrew Parish Records
Renfrew Town
Repinski, (Rypinski)
Resurrectionists
Retza (Ritza)
Rhode
Rhode, Bp.
Richter
Ritter, Fred
Ritza, Frank
Riverhurst, Sk.
Rochester Mayo Clinic, Mn.
Rockingham
Rogaczewski,Feliks
Rogalla (Rogala)
Rolbiecki
Roman Catholic
Rosholt, Wi.
Rouble (Wrobel)
Round Lake Centre, On.
Round Hill, Ab.
Rozlazin, Po.
Rozek (Rozek)
Ruche, Anna 170
Rugen
Rurnia, Po.
Russell
Russia
Rzucewo, Po.
Sacred Heart Church, Minto
Sadowski (Saduski)
Sawalisz, Po.
Saxony
Schilowski, Fr.
Schodno,Po.
Schultz, Bernard
Scibor, Po.
Scotia Junction
Secondary Settlement
Shalla, Fr. Chris
Shalla, Fr.
Sharon, Wi.
Sherwood Tp.
Shirriff, Alexander
Shulist (Schulist)
Sianowo, Po.
Siberia, On.
Sielczno, Po.
Sienkiewicz, H.
Sierakowice, Po.
Silesia
Simpson’s Pit, On.
Singer
Skaluba, Fr.
Skiba (Skebo)
Skierawy, Po.
Skrzyzowski
Slominski (Slorninski)
Stone, Po.
Slovincy (Slovincians)
Sludron, Po.
Slupsk (Stolp), Po.
Sluza, Po.
Smaggus
Smoldzino, Po.
Smolenski, Pastor
Sobiecki
Sobieski, King John
Sominski
Sommers
Sorbs
South March
Sowinski
Soyka (Soike)
Specht, Fr.
Srs. of the Resurrection
St. Adalbert
St Aloysius Church, Leo, Mn.
St. Anthony Lumber Co.
St. Casimir’s Church
St. Florian’s Church, Hatley
St. Francis Hospital, BB.
St. Hedwig
St. Joachim’s Rectory 194
St. John Cantius
St. Joseph Sisters
St. Kunegunda’s Church, Otthon
St. Lawrence O’Toole Church
St. Mary’s College, Winona
St. Michael’s Hospital
St. Philip’s
St. Philip’s, Montana
St. Stanislaus Church, Winona
St. Stanislaus Kostka
Stafford, Frank
Stanislawski
Staniszewo, Po.
Stara Kiszewa, Po.
Stara Rzeka, Po.
Stargard, Po.
Ste. Anne de Beaupré
Stencel
Stezyca, Po.
Stockton, Wi.
Stojecino, Po.
Stolpa
Stoltz (Stolc)
Stoppa
Stroik (Strack)
Strosin
Strzeliny, Po.
Strzepcz, Po.
Stubinski
Stufko
Stutthof, Po.
Subiny, Po.
Sudbury, On.
Sugar Loaf, Winona
Suleczyno, Po.
Sulpher (Szulfer)
Superior, Wi.
Suszek (Shushak)
Swarzewo, Po.
Swierzowski
Swietopelk
Switalski, Fr. Brunon
Sychta, Fr.
Synak (Senack)
Syracuse, N.Y.
Szalla (Shalla, Szola)
Szarlej (Shires)
Szczecin (Stettin)
Szczodrowo, Po.
Szczypior (Chippior, Chipeur, Scipior)
Szmaglik
Szulak, Fr.
Szulist, Wiad.
Szyca (Schutza)
Szykowny (Nice)
Tadrowski
Tannenberg
Tetzner, Franz
This Week Newspaper
Thompson (née Rekowski)
Thornloe, On.
Timmins, On.
Tomah, Wi.
Tomchick (Tomczyk)
Torun (Thorn), Po.
Toronto
Torun, Wi.
Trawice, Po.
Trawicki
Treaty of Torun
Treder (Trader)
Trempealeau Cty. Wi.
Truna
Trzebiatowski (Tibiatkowski)
Trzebinski (Trebinski)
Tuchow, Po.
Tulowo, Po.
Turzonko, Po.
Turzynski
Tuszka (Tuszkowski)
Tuszkowy Po.
Ugoszcz, Po.
Ukrainians
United States
Utica, N.Y.
Utronki (Jutrzenka)
Valencik
Van Horne, Wm.
Vanbrugh, On.
Veis
Vietnamese War
Visinski
Visneski
Vistula R. (Wisla)
Visutski
Vonsick
Wajs (Veis, Weiss, Vice)
Walczak, Fr. Donald
Waldoch (Voldock)
Walek at the County Fair
Wankowicz, Melchior
Wanserski
Wantoch
Warsaw, N.D.
Wassau, Wi.
Watembach
Watkowski
Watson, Mayor, John S.J.
Waupaca. Wi.
Webster, Mass.
Wejher (Wejer)
Wejherowo, Po.
Welshman’s Island
Wends (Wendish People)
Werra
West Prussia
Western Canada
Whelan, Fr. James
Whitney, On.
Whitney & Opeongo R.R.
Wiarus
Wibaux, Montana
Wicka
Wieckowski (Vancuski)
Wiele (Wielle), Po.
Wielka Wies, Po.
Wierzchucin, Po.
Wilkowski
Wilno, On.
Windsor, On.
Winnik, D.
Winnipeg
Winona, Mn.
Winona Princess
Wirkus
Wisconsin River
Wisniewski (Visneski)
Witkowski (Vitkuske)
Wladyslawowo, Po.
Wogatzki
Woggon
Wojciechowski
Woodstock, On.
World War I
World War ll
Worzalla
Wright, Grange
Wrobel (Rouble)
Wroblewski
Wrycza
Wybicki, Jos.
Wysocki (Visutski)
Yach
Yakabuski
Yantha (Yanta, Janta, Jenta)
Yolkowski, Fr. Paul
Yolkowski
Yorkton, Sk.
Zabrocki
Zadow
Zblewski (Bleski)
Zblowski (Bloski)
Zlotowo, Po.
Zoromski
Zurakowska, Anna
Zybert (Zybart)
Zarrmowiec, Po.
Zelewiec, Po.
Zolno, Po.
Zyncla
Zywicki